CHARACTERISTICS OF ALMOND LEAF-ASH CEMENT STABILIZED LATERITIC SOIL

Authors

  • DB Eme DEPT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF PORT HARCOURT, RIVER STATE, NIGERIA
  • KE Ohwerhi DEPT OF CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, UNIVERSITY OF PORT HARCOURT, RIVER STATE, NIGERIA

Keywords:

Almond Leaf Ash, stabilization, California Bearing Ratio, Scheffe’s theory, lateritic soil.

Abstract

The use of Almond leaf-ash for stabilization purposes has not been given consideration. This paper was thus aimed at evaluating the characteristics of almond leaf-ash for the essence of stabilizing lateritic soil. Sourced lateritic soil was divided into 3 components (unmodified soil sample, cement stabilized soil sample and almond leaf-ash cement stabilized soil sample). Almond leaves were calcined at 250°C and subjected to granulation process. Preliminary tests such as; sieve analysis, Atterberg’s limit and specific gravity tests were done on the unmodified soil sample for the purpose of classification. CBR tests were performed on the cement stabilized soil sample and on the almond leaf-ash cement stabilized lateritic soil sample. A model was developed using the Scheffe’s simplex theory with the cement component fixed at 10% of the dry lateritic soil. Results revealed that the soil was observed to be a Silty Clay soil (A-4) with Plasticity index of 9.24%, therefore requiring stabilization. CBR results for the developed trial mixes were greater than the 15.20% obtained for 10% cement stabilization showing that Almond leaf-ash significantly improved the CBR of the cement stabilized lateritic soil. The CBR model developed for the Almond leaf-ash cement soil also proved adequate from the verification test conducted using ?2 statistics.

 

http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njt.v39i3.8

Published

2020-06-21

Issue

Section

Building, Civil & Geotechnical Engineering