PERFORMANCE OF METAKAOLIN BASED GEOPOLYMER CONCRETE AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURE

Authors

  • G Gambo DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA. KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
  • K Ibrahim DEPARTMENT OF QUANTITY SURVEYING, UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN, ILORIN, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA
  • A Aliyu DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
  • AG Ibrahim DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
  • H Abdulsalam CENTER FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY, UMARU MUSA YAR’ADUA UNIVERSITY, KATSINA, KATSINA STATE, NIGERIA

Keywords:

Cement, Compressive Strength, Metakaolin Concrete, Elevated Temperature.

Abstract

Due to the carbon dioxide emission arising from the production of cement, alternative concrete that is environmentally friendly such as metakaolin geopolymer concrete have been developed. However, the performance of metakaolin based geopolymer concrete (MKGC) when exposed to aggressive environment particularly elevated temperature has not been investigated. Therefore, this paper assessed the performance of MKGC exposed to elevated temperatures. MKGC cube specimens of grade 25 were produced using a mix ratio of 1:1.58:3.71.After preparing the specimens, they were placed in an electric oven at a temperature of 60oC for 24 hours. Thereafter, the specimens were stored in the laboratory at ambient temperature for 28 days. The specimens were then exposed to elevated temperatures of 200, 400, 600 and 800oC. After exposure to elevated temperatures, the MKGC specimens were subjected to compressive strength, water absorption and abrasion resistance tests. Results show that at 600 and 800oC, the MKGC lost a compressive strength of 59.69% and 71.71% respectively. Higher water absorption and lower abrasion resistance were also observed.

 

http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njt.v39i3.11

Published

2020-06-21

Issue

Section

Building, Civil & Geotechnical Engineering