ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECT OF CEMENT INDUSTRY EFFLUENT DISCHARGE ON WATER QUALITY OF NGO RIVER IN BENUE, NIGERIA
Keywords:Cement industry, Effluent discharge, Water quality, Ngo River.
Ngo River in Gboko, Benue State, Nigeria which serves as a source of water for domestic and agricultural purposes for the agrarian community receives effluent from Dangote Cement factory. Physicochemical analysis of the effluent outfall and water samples collected along 15 km of the river stretch were carried out in dry and wet seasons respectively. The results obtained were compared to FEPA, WHO and NESREA Standards. For effluent outfall, Temperature, TDS, pH, EC, BOD, COD, sulphate and chloride, total hardness, calcium and magnesium, were found to be within the FEPA standards, while TSS, turbidity, and nitrate, were above the standards. Along 15 km study reach, mean temperature range of 32.4oC to 29.0oC, a TSS of 224 mg/l to 218 mg/l, a turbidity of 45 NTU to 42 NTU, and DO of 1.6 mg/l to 1.2 mg/l were obtain during the dry season, while mean temperature range of 36.8oC to 36.6oC, a TSS of 255 mg/l to 252 mg/l, turbidity of 176 NTU to 168 NTU, and DO 2.8 mg/l to 2. 6 mg/l were obtained during the wet seasons. These results were above WHO and NESREA temperature (25oC drinking water), TSS (30 mg/l domestic and 100 mg/l agriculture) water use, 5 NTU turbidity, and 5mg/l to 7.5mg/l DO standards. The effluent is relatively treated and effects such as aquatic depletion in the environment, decreased soil pore size and decreased permeability in the use of the water for irrigation, and water related diseases are not ruled out.
The contents of the articles are the sole opinion of the author(s) and not of NIJOTECH.
NIJOTECH allows open access for distribution of the published articles in any media so long as whole (not part) of articles are distributed.
A copyright and statement of originality documents will need to be filled out clearly and signed prior to publication of an accepted article. The Copyright form can be downloaded from http://nijotech.com/downloads/COPYRIGHT%20FORM.pdf while the Statement of Originality is in http://nijotech.com/downloads/Statement%20of%20Originality.pdf
For articles that were developed from funded research, a clear acknowledgement of such support should be mentioned in the article with relevant references. Authors are expected to provide complete information on the sponsorship and intellectual property rights of the article together with all exceptions.
It is forbidden to publish the same research report in more than one journal.