Development and Evaluation of a Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) 3-D Printer
Keywords:Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF), Low Cost 3-D Printer, Polylactic Acid (PLA) Filament, Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS) Filament, Local Materials
A Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) 3-D printer was fabricated by using in part locally sourced materials. The printer design was based on the Replicating Rapid Prototyper (RepRap) open source. The print volume of the printer is 200mm x 200mm x 300mm and it uses the Melzi V2 printer control board, coupled with the Repetier-Host firmware. The 3-D printer utilizes two major thermoplastic materials namely, the Polylactic Acid (PLA) and the Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene (ABS). The printer consists of a frame, fabricated from galvanized steel sheets, stainless steel threaded rods and wooded supports. The three main Cartesian axes of the machine were constructed from plain stainless rods with plastic printed parts as supporting members. Test results obtained for the PLA print material showed a dimensional deviation of 0.307 mm from the actual CAD model at a print temperature of 200°C and at a layer height of 0.2 mm. For the ABS filament, a dimensional deviation of 0.620 mm at a temperature of 255°C, was obtained. Local development and production of this 3-D printer can help in popularizing the benefits of the technology and consequently boosting the local economy.
Copyright (c) 2021 Nigerian Journal of Technology
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The contents of the articles are the sole opinion of the author(s) and not of NIJOTECH.
NIJOTECH allows open access for distribution of the published articles in any media so long as whole (not part) of articles are distributed.
A copyright and statement of originality documents will need to be filled out clearly and signed prior to publication of an accepted article. The Copyright form can be downloaded from http://nijotech.com/downloads/COPYRIGHT%20FORM.pdf while the Statement of Originality is in http://nijotech.com/downloads/Statement%20of%20Originality.pdf
For articles that were developed from funded research, a clear acknowledgement of such support should be mentioned in the article with relevant references. Authors are expected to provide complete information on the sponsorship and intellectual property rights of the article together with all exceptions.
It is forbidden to publish the same research report in more than one journal.