ASSESSMENT OF THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL QUALITY OF UTURU SECTION OF AKU RIVER IN SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA

Authors

  • Obinna Chinyere National Agency for Science and Engineering Infrastructure
  • Yinka Sanusi Ahmadu Bello University Zaria
  • Fatai Anafi Ahmadu Bello University Zaria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.v42i2.19

Keywords:

Physicochemical parameter, Aku river, Downstream, Pollution, Water quality

Abstract

The physicochemical monitoring of water quality is very key both to aquatic life and public health. To date little is known about the water quality downstream of Aku river, located in Uturu, Isuikwato local government area of Abia state. Therefore the aim of the study is to determine the water quality downstream of Aku river in terms of several physicochemical parameters and heavy metals analysis to ascertain the water quality properties and reveal pollution problems. Samples were collected at 15m, 30m, 45m, 60m, 75m, 90m and 105m interval downstream for both seasons. Results of the study shows that temperature, conductivity, hardness, salinity, Total Dissolve Solid (TDS), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), turbidity, pH, Dissolve Oxygen (DO), chlorine, nitrate, lead, iron, arsenic, copper and zinc, were ranged: 24.190C-26.500C, 165.18-275.46µs/cm, 100.26-139.11mg/L, 520.15-815.24ppt, 380.52-710.08mg/L, 15.12-30.68mg/L, 0.32-1.73NTU,  6.6-7.9, 6.21-11.63mg/L, 1.14-3.30mg/L, 65.01-128.05mg/L, 35.53-58.00mg/L, 0.0002-0.007ppm, 0.02-0.15ppm, 0.002-0.006ppm, 0.44-1.03ppm and 0.1-0.27ppm respectively. The presence of TDS, TSS, turbidity and nitrate above World Health Organization (WHO) tolerance limits, confirmed the presence of contaminants in the water body, and hence not suitable for drinking and thus poses a potential threat to aquatic life.

Author Biographies

  • Yinka Sanusi, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria

    Deparment: Mechanical Engineering

    Rank: Senior Lecturer

  • Fatai Anafi, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria

    Department: Mechanical engineering

    Rank: Professor

References

Seher, D. “Assessment of Water Quality Using Physico-chemical Parameters of Çamlıgöze Dam Lake in Sivas Turkey”, Eulogia Academic Journal, 2015; 5 (1), 1-7

Ilechukwu, I., Olusina, T. A. and Echeta, O. C. “Physicochemical Analysis of Water and Sediments of Usuma Dam, Abuja, Nigeria”, SCIENDO--Ovidius University Annals of Chemistry, 2020; 3(2), 80 – 87

Ghatule, V. A., Chavre, B. W. and Bhagwan, H. K. “An Investigation of Physico-Chemical Parameters of Waldevi Dam Water Near Nashik (M.S.) India”, International Journal of Development Research, 2017; 7(8), 14634-14636

Ebisintei, S., Ojo, E. O. and Ihekweme, G. O. “Soil Degradation Resulting From Migration of ion Leachate in Gosa Dumpsite, Abuja, Nigeria”, International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research, 2015; 16 (2), 326 – 340

Shinde, S. E., Pathan, T. S., Raut, K. S. and Sonawane, D. L. “Studies on the Physico-chemical Parameters and Correlation Coefficient of Harsool-savangi Dam, District Aurangabad, India”, Mid-East Journal of Scientific Research, 2011; 8(3), 544-554

Tali, I., Zahoor P., Shailendra, S., Mudgal, L. and Anis, S. Anis. “Physico-chemical Properties of Water of River Narmada at Madhya Pradesh, India”, Researcher, 2012; 4(6), 5-9

Cieszynska M., Wesolowski, M., Bartoszewicz, M., Michalska, M. and Nowacki, J. “The Application of Physicochemical Data for Water-Quality Assessment of Watercourses in the Gdansk Municipality (South Baltic Coast)”, Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2013; 184(4), 2017-29

Çelekli, A. and Öztürk, B. “Determination of Ecological Status and Ecological Preferences of Phytoplankton Using the Multivariate Approach in a Mediterranean Reservoir”, Hydrobiologia, 2014; 740, 115–135

Kolawole, O. M., Kolawole, T. A., Olayemi, A. B. and Okoh, A. I. “Assessment of Water Quality in Asa River (Nigeria) and its Indigenous Clarias Gariepinus Fish”, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2011; 8, 4332-4352.

Eliku, T. and Leta, S. “Spatial and Seasonal Variation in Physicochemical Parameters and Heavy Metals in Awash River, Ethiopia”, Applied Water Science, 2018; 8(6), 177-190.

Eddy, N. O., Odoemelam, S. A. and Mbaba A. “Elemental Composition of Soil in Some Dumpsites”, Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemicals, 2006; 5(3), 1349-1363.

Gholizadeh, M. H., Melesse, A. M. and Reddi, L. “A Comprehensive Review of Water Quality Parameters Estimation Using Remote Sensing Techniques”, Sensors, 2016; 16 (8), 1298-1310.

Nwannna, E. C., Eje, B. E. and Eze, P. C. “Physicochemical Analysis of Obizi River in Awka South Local Government Area of Anambra State, Nigeria for Domestic Purposes”, Nigerian Journal of Technology, 2022; 41(5), 895-901.

Adano, A., Marcus, N., Magaji, J. and Opaluwa. O. “Assessment of the Physicochemical Characteristics of Water in an Urban River in Abuja, Nigeria”, Science World Journal, 2022; 17, 4-12

Ogolo, I. and Abam, T. K. “Physicochemical Characteristics Assessment of Surface water in Okrika Local Government Area, Rivers State, Nigeria”, International Journal of Innovative Science and Research, 2021; 6(8), 2456-2165.

Berggren, M. and Al-Kharusi, E. “Decreasing Organic Carbon Bioreactivity in European Rivers”, Freshwater Biology, 2020; 65 (2), 1128-1138.

Bezgin, E., Cem, O. E. and Zübeyir, T. “Physicochemical Properties of Both Drinking and Domestic Waters in Çorum”, International Journal of Science Letters, 2019; 1(1), 42-55

Mutlu, E. and Demir, T. “Evaluation of Some Physico-Chemical Characteristics of Kemeriz Dam (Zara – Sivas)”, Araştırma Bülteni, 2016; 3, 183-192.

Usali, N. and Ismail, M. H. “Use of Remote Sensing and GIS in Monitoring Water Quality”, Journal of Sustainable Development, 2010; 3, 228–238.

Chinyere, O. A., Ajani, E. A., Ojo, E. O., Maduka, F. I., Obasih, N. R. and Mafiana, E. U. “Technical Feasibility of Proposed Aku-Small Hydropower Project”, American Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, 2017; 3(3), 15-26.

American Public Health Association American. “Water Works Association – Water Pollution Control Federation. (APHA) Standard Methods for the Examination of water and waste”, APHA Publishers, New York, USA, 1995.

Hach. “Water Analysis Handbook”, Hach Chemical Company, Loveland, Colorado USA, 2003

American Public Health Association. “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater”, APHA Publishers, Washington, DC., USA, 1998.

World Health Organization. “Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality”, Geneva, USA, 2022.

Patil, P. N., Sawant, D. V. and Deshmukh, R. N. “Physico-chemical Parameters for Testing of Water: A Review”, International Journal of Environment and Science, 2012; 3, 1194-1207.

Bergkamp, G., Mccartney, M., Dugan, P. and Mcneely, J. “Dams, Ecosystem Functions and Environmental Restoration”, Geneva, USA, 2000.

Mustapha, M. K. “Assessment of the Water Quality of Oyun Reservoir, Offa, Nigeria, Using Selected Physico-Chemical Parameters”, Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 2008; 8, 309-319.

Tawati, F., Risjani, Y., Djati, M., Yanuwiadi, B. and Leksono, A. “The Analysis of the Physical and Chemical Properties of the Water Quality in the Rainy Season in the Sumber maron River- Kepanjen, Malang- Indonesia”, Resources and Environment, 2018; 8, 1-5.

Downloads

Published

2023-07-31

Issue

Section

Agricultural, Bioresources, Biomedical, Food, Environmental & Water Resources Engineering

How to Cite

ASSESSMENT OF THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL QUALITY OF UTURU SECTION OF AKU RIVER IN SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA. (2023). Nigerian Journal of Technology, 42(2), 296-303. https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.v42i2.19