VALORIZATION OF FOOD WASTE FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION; EFFECT OF CO-ENSILING WITH MAIZE STRAW AT DIFFERENT C/N RATIOS
Keywords:Anaerobic digestion, Ensiling, Kinetic study
Food waste (FW) contribute to emission of greenhouse gases as well as environmental pollution. One way of reducing the impact of FW on the environment is by using it for biofuel production. The yield of biofuel from FW can be improved if the substrate is pretreated. In this study, ensiling was used as a cost effective method of pretreating FW for biomethane production. Co-ensiling of FW and maize straw (MS) was carried out at carbon to nitrogen ratios (C/N) of 20, 25, 30 and 35 for 210 days at ambient temperature. Thereafter, the biomethane potential (BMP) of the silages was determined using an automatic biomethane potential test system. Results showed that ensiling reduced both structural and non-structural carbohydrate components of the silages. BMPs of 385.58, 497.39, 520.53, 551.37, 542.16 and 517.29mL/gVS from the unensiled FW, ensiled FW without MS, co-ensiled FW at C/N ratio of 20, co-ensiled FW at C/N ratio of 25, co-ensiled FW at C/N ratio of 30 and co-ensiled FW at C/N ratio of 35 respectively were obtained. A kinetic evaluation showed that the dual pool model gave a better prediction of the experimental BMP of all substrates than the first-order model and the modified Gompertz model.
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