• I. Ijaola Department of Building Technology, School of Environmental Studies, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos
  • O. H. Omolayo Department of Building Technology, School of Environmental Studies, Yaba College of Technology, Yaba, Lagos.




Hazard, construction professionals, Experience, Recognition, Site operations


Identifying hazards is necessary for preventing accidents in construction site operations. In light of this assertion, construction professionals must recognise hazards in site operation. However, recognising hazards remains an issue of concern in the construction industry. Invariably, it is expedient that factors affecting hazard recognition be investigated. The study, therefore, aims to examine the factors affecting hazard recognition in construction site operations and test this hypothesis: ‘there is no significant difference in factors affecting hazard recognition among construction professionals based on their work experience’. Adopting a quantitative research design and cross-sectional research strategy, a questionnaire with 13 factors adapted from literature was used to elicit information from construction professionals. From the median calculated, the factor with the highest value was “multiple hazards associated with a single source of the task”. Furthermore, the study discovered a significant difference in six of the thirteen factors affecting hazard recognition. Because of this, it was concluded that the experience of construction professionals affects their perception of the factors affecting hazard recognition for the six factors. All these issues taken into account, safety experts in construction industry responsible for health and safety training should consider the experiences of construction professionals when developing curriculum on hazard recognition.


Albert, A., Hallowell, M. R., Skaggs, M., and Kleiner, B. “Empirical measurement and improvement of hazard recognition skill”, Safety Science, vol. 93, pp. 1-8, Mar. 2017.

Carter, G., and Smith, S. D. “Safety hazard identification on construction projects”, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 132, pp. 197-205, Feb. 2006.

Albert, A., Hallowell, M. R., and Kleiner, B. M. “Experimental field testing of a real-time construction hazard identification and transmission technique”, Construction Manag-ement and Economics, vol. 32, pp. 1000-1016, Oct. 2014.

Bahn, S. “Workplace hazard identification and management: The case of an underground mining operation”, Safety Science. Vol. 57, pp. 129-137, Aug. 2013.

Albert, A., Hallowell, M. R., and Kleiner, B. M. “Enhancing construction hazard recognition and communication with energy-based cognitive mnemonics and safety meeting maturity model: Multiple baseline study”, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, vol. 140, pp. 04013042- 1-12. Feb. 2014.

Vitharana, V. H. P., Subashi De Silva, G. H. M. J., and Sudhira De Silva “Health hazards, risk and safety practices in construction sites – A review study”, Engineer, vol. XLVIII, no. 03, pp. 35-44, 2015.

Albert, A., Hallowell, M. R., Kleiner, B., Chen, A., and Golparvar-Fard, M. “Enhancing constr-uction hazard recognition with high-fidelity augmented virtuality”, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. Vol. 140, pp. 04014024-1-11, Jul. 2014.

Jeelani, I., Albert, A., and Gambatese, J. A. “Why do construction hazards remain unrecognized at the work interface?”, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management. Vol. 143, pp. 0401612828-1-10, May. 2017.

Jeelani, I., Han, K., and Albert, A. “Development of virtual reality and stereo-panoramic environments for construction safety training”, Engineering Construction and Architectural Management, vol. 27, pp. 1853-1876, Aug. 2020.

Zuluaga, C. M., Namian, M., and Albert, A. “Impact of training methods on hazard recognition and risk perception in construction”, in Proc. Construction Research Congress 2016, p. 2861

HaSPA (Health and Safety Professionals Alliance). “The core body of knowledge for generalist OHS professionals”, Tullamarine, VIC. Safety Institute of Australia, 2012. Accessed, May, 17, 2023, https://www.ohsbok. org.au/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/15-Hazard -as-a-concept.pdf

Karakhan, A., and Gambatese, J. “Hazards and risk in construction and the impact of incentives and rewards on safety outcomes”, Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Constru-ction, vol. 23, no. 2 2018, pp.04018005-1-8.

Namian, M., Zuluaga, C. M., and Albert, A. “Critical factors that impact construction workers’ hazard recognition performance”, In Construction Research Congress, 2016, pp. 2762-2772.

Asika, N. “Research Methodology in the Behavioural Sciences”, 8th ed., Ikeja: Longman, 2009.

Dainty, A. “Methodological Pluralism in Construction Management”, In knight, A. & Ruddock, L. (Eds.), Advanced Research Methods in the Built Environment (pp. 1-13). United Kingdom: Wiley-Blackwell, 2008.

Gupta, S. K., and Rangi, P. Research Methodology, 2nd ed., Ludhiana, India: Kalyani Publishers, 2011.

Albert, A., Jeelani, I., and Han, K. “Developing hazard recognition skill among the next-generation of construction professionals”, Construction Management and Economics, print ahead.

Memon, A. H., Soomro, M. A., Memon, N. A., and Abassi, M. N. “Factors causing health and safety hazards in construction projects in Pakistan”, Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 559-568, Jul. 2017.

Zheng, X., Wang, Y., Chen, Y., Zeng, Q., and Jin, L. “Influence of safety experience and environmental conditions on site hazard identification performance”, Buildings, vol. 13, no. 251, 2023,pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/buildings13010251

Eiter, B. M., and Bellanca, J. L. “Identify the influence of risk attitude, work experience, and safety training on hazard recognition in mining”, Mining, Metallurgy &Exploration, 2020, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 1931-1939. doi:10.1007/s42461-020-00293-8.






Building, Civil & Geotechnical Engineering

How to Cite

FACTORS AFFECTING HAZARD RECOGNITION IN CONSTRUCTION SITE OPERATIONS IN NIGERIA. (2024). Nigerian Journal of Technology, 43(2). https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.v43i2.6