A REVIEW OF STAKEHOLDERS PARTICIPATION IMPORTANCE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WATER DIVERSION SYSTEMS IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A CASE FROM GURARA WATER DIVERSION SYSTEM, NIGERIA
Keywords:Benefit and Concerns, Stakeholder Participation, Water Diversion, Gurara Reservoir and Lower Usman Reservoir.
Water diversion arguably generates significant controversies and deep conflicts in water resources management. Although diverted water is useful in meeting water demands and used as a tool especially in developing countries to reconcile the problem of uneven water distribution, there is still an ongoing debate on the best management option for water diversion systems in terms of the complex engineering, technical and management inputs required. Accordingly, there have also been the emergences of ecological impacts and social implications which have the potentials of discontinuing a particular system if not inadequately addressed. This has preempted the need to have stakeholders fully participating, with the aim of ensuring benefits and concerns are well understood and reduce possible divisions and in-fights amongst diverting regions. This study has reviewed the benefits and concerns from stakeholder’s participation in water diversion systems at a global scale, using the Gurara water diversion system located in north central Nigeria as a case study. The findings shows the more water is diverted, the more complex the management of the system, indicating the peculiarity of the regions as being an important planning unit. This calls for a collaborative approach emphasizing on stakeholders participation to develop a system for policy formation especially in developing countries with existing water diversion systems or prospect of building in the future. Consequently the degree of benefit and concerns from water diversion varies widely with much dependence on the region. Though water diversion can be highly problematic, there is the call to keenly consider stakeholders participation in ensuring strict adherence to the benefits and concerns in planning, construction and management of water diversion systems for sustainability.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The contents of the articles are the sole opinion of the author(s) and not of NIJOTECH.
NIJOTECH allows open access for distribution of the published articles in any media so long as whole (not part) of articles are distributed.
A copyright and statement of originality documents will need to be filled out clearly and signed prior to publication of an accepted article. The Copyright form can be downloaded from http://nijotech.com/downloads/COPYRIGHT%20FORM.pdf while the Statement of Originality is in http://nijotech.com/downloads/Statement%20of%20Originality.pdf
For articles that were developed from funded research, a clear acknowledgement of such support should be mentioned in the article with relevant references. Authors are expected to provide complete information on the sponsorship and intellectual property rights of the article together with all exceptions.
It is forbidden to publish the same research report in more than one journal.