Chemical, Morphological Characterizations of Ririwai Biotite and Determination of Yield Point of its Weighting Agent Application in Drilling Mud
Keywords:Ririwai biotite, SEM, EDX, drilling mud, yield point, morphology
Chemical, morphological characterizations and drilling mud yield point impact of Ririwai biotite have been investigated and reported in this work. Local Ririwai biotite mined in Doguwa Local Government Area of Kano State was used as a weighting agent in drilling mud formulation. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) characterization, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Electron Dispersion X-ray (EDX) analysis of the Ririwai biotite were carried out. Water-based drilling mud was prepared using commercial bentonite according to the API 13A Standard. Effect of gradual addition of Ririwai weighting agent; 0 – 100 wt%, on the yield point of the formulated drilling mud was studied. XRD analysis showed that the dominant mineral phase in the material was biotite. Morphological analysis carried out showed that the Ririwai biotite had a sheet-like morphology while the commercial bentonite had clumpy morphology. The estimated average particle sizes were 60 and 25 micro m for the Ririwai biotite and commercial bentonite, respectively. EDX analysis showed that silica-alumina ratio of the Ririwai biotite was 9.3 while that of the commercial bentonite was 1.58. The optimum yield point of the formulated drilling mud was 2.0 lb/100 ft2 corresponding to formulation having 0 – 30 wt% weighting agent composition. The specific gravity of Ririwai biotite was determined as 2.4.
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