Characterisation and Grading of Four Selected Timber Species Grown in Nigeria in Accordance with Bs 5268
Keywords:ANOVA, Characterisation, Dinya, Doka, Dorowa, Grading, Kanya, Mechanical properties, Physical properties
This study presents a development of strength classes for Vitex doniana, Diospyros mespliformis, Parkia biglobosa and Isoberlinia doka, northern Nigeria timber species in accordance with BS 5268-2 (2002) and NCP 2 (1973). The specimens for the experimental measurements were obtained from timber-sheds in Zaria, Kaduna - Northern part of Nigeria. The laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the physical and mechanical properties of the selected timber species. The specimens were prepared in accordance with BS 373 for small clear specimens for the determination of physical and mechanical properties. Flexural strength properties were determined using three point bending test. Adjustment was made on the mechanical properties at moisture content of 12% and 18% in conformity with BS 5268-2 (2002) and NCP2 (1973) respectively. The laboratory data were analyzed using data analysis tool pack in Microsoft excel 2019 to generate the mean, coefficients of variation and theoretical distribution models which form the uncertainty models. Basic and grade stresses were also computed using experimental failure stresses. The selected timber species were then classified using the grade bending stress, density and mean modulus of elasticity obtained. Vitex doniana, Diospyros mespliformis, Parkia biglobosa and Isoberlinia doka were assigned to strength classes D30, D40, C40 and D30 in accordance with BS 5268-2 (2002) respectively. Similarly, in accordance with the NCP 2 (1973), these species belong to N4, N3, N4 and N3 respectively. The results obtained show that Vitex doniana, Diospyros mespliformis and Isoberlinia doka are hardwoods whereas, only Parkia biglobosa is a softwood specie.
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